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词汇 strain
释义

strain

/stren/

strain 1

(过去式: strained; 过去完成式: strained; 现在进行式: straining)

v.t.

To stretch even beyond proper limits.

拉紧;紧扯。

To put to its utmost strength; exert as mush as possible.

竭力;尽力。

She strained her eyes to see.

她竭尽目力以视。

To weaken or injure be excessive use.

因过度操劳或使用致受损伤。

The ship is strained.

此船因过用受损。

He strained his heart by running too fast.

他跑得太快心脏不适。

To sprain.

扭伤。

The load strained his back.

过重的负担扭伤他的背。

Hence, to force or constrain.

强迫。

To press or squeeze; hence, to embrace.

压挤;拥抱。

To filter; also, to remove by, or as if by, filtering.

滤清;滤去。

Strain soup before serving it.

上汤之前把汤先滤一下。

To alter in form or size, as by bending, twisting, stretching, etc.

使变形(如弯曲、扭歪、引伸等所致)。

To stretch or force beyond the normal, customary, or legitimate limits.

歪曲;滥用。

She strained the truth in telling that story.

她讲那故事时将事实曲解了。

To overload, make excessive demands on.

超重负荷;过份要求。

v.i.

To make violent efforts; strive.

努力;奋力。

The wrestlers strained and struggled.

摔角者努力拼斗。

To pass through, or as if through, a filter; be filtered.

滤过;滤清。

To become injured by excessive use or exertion.

因过度使用或用力而致损伤;扭伤。

To hesitate or be unwilling.

犹豫;迟虑。

phrases

strain a point

越轨;曲解。

strain at

拼力拉。

strain at a gnat

小事精明;大事迷糊。

strain at the leash

渴望自由;希望得到机会尝试。

strain courtesy

拘泥小节。

strain oneself

操劳过度。

strain to one's breast (heart)

紧紧抱在怀里。

n.

Extreme stretching; tension; constrained state or condition.

过度拉紧;紧张;勉强之状态或情形。

A violent effort.

努力;猛力。

Injury due to violent effort or to overwork; a sprain.

(因猛力或过度劳作而致之)挫伤;扭伤。

An alteration in the size or form of a body, or in both, usually regarded as due to the application of a force or stress.

(物体因受力而生之)变形;歪曲。

Excessive demands, as on resources, emotions, physical strength, etc.

(身心等的)过度操劳。

Exhaustion; fatigue.

劳累;疲惫。

phrases

on the strain

紧张。

under the strain

过度疲劳(紧张)。

strain 2

n.

Stock; race; line of descent; hence, family blood; breed.

族;种;族系;(故又指)家世;种族。

Inborn disposition; tendency.

气质;脾气;性格;倾向。

Character; tenor; tone.

特性;要旨;语调。

A trace or streak.

痕迹;条痕。

A flight or burst of the imagination, as a poem or verse.

想像力之飞扬(如诗文)。

A tune or melody.

腔调;曲调;旋律。

Variety, as of a species.

不同种类。

in the same strain

相同语气。

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